Historical events of Kyrgyzstan
Introduction. For you to travel in Kyrgyzstan with interest we would like to make a short introduction of history of Kyrgyzstan. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan rent cars and you may be well concerned about the idea that Kyrgyzstan has the official name of the Kyrgyz Republic, and the history of the country is rich and interesting to be known. People of Kyrgyzstan used to be nomads in their past and the nomadic life means to change the place of living all the time. The Kyrgyz didn't build buildings, castles and any houses as they were extremely wishing not to spoil pristine nature. In the course of travelling in Kyrgyzstan cars rent and you can find out that everything was going from generation to generation in an oral way which means there were no written testimonies.
Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC). 1 million years ago - 1 000 BC is the period of the prehistory of the country. during tours in Kyrgyzstan we recommend you to make a visit of the Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata as there are images and petroglyphs on the walls of the gallery. These images depict everyday activities, and animals like goats, bulls, horses, deer, camels, dogs.
Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD). In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will see that the period of 1 000 BC - 300 AD is known to be the ancient history of the country. When you start to travel in Kyrgyzstan you first can find out that the Kyrgyz started to be known in the 201 BC. In the Chinese notes you can find chronicle "Historical notes" made by Sima Tan where he says that the Kyrgyz are the tribe who was trying to fight with the Hunnu. In other chronicles there is the information that historian Ban Gu in Chinese chronicle Han-shu (History of Han) said about the territory of the Kyrgyz state. For now we can suppose that the territory of the state was seen to be in the modern Turkestan.
Turkic Era (500-1200). In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will be able to find out that the period of 500-1200 is known as the Turkic era and gives us the events when the migrating of the tribes who spoke Turkic language happened. As the history tells us, the Kyrgyz people moved from the Altai mountains and turned out to be at the territory of the Central Asia. When they were making such sorts of tours they created states of Turkic dynasties.
Unfortunately we can say nothing about the Kyrgyz tribes during the first six centuries but we can admit the existence of the Kyrgyz Kaganate in the 7th century. Starting to travel in Kyrgyzstan you have an unforgettable opportunity to make a witness of the information about the South Siberia as it is considered to be the place of living of the Kyrgyz tribes. At the same time we can say that in the 9-10th centuries there was built the Empire of the Kyrgyz people having come from Yenisey and took the territory of the Irtysh River in the west to the Big Khingan range in the east, from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south. during your tour in Kyrgyzstan you will find out that the one to be the leader was Barsbek ajo. Truthful information about this time was given by the Russian investigator Barthold. Moreover, he made the people now about the period as the time of the Great Kyrgyz Empire.
The Mongol Rule (1200-1400). The period of 1200-1400 is considered to be the time of the Mongol Rule and it is considered to be the time of sad and tragic circumstances. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan it is possible to feel that this is the period of the Mongols trying to get the entire territory of Central Asia. They managed to do that and in the end they destroyed the culture that was greatly developed - the Turkic one. As they could do nothing the Kyrgyz from the Yenisey river had to get under the powers of Genghiz Khan.
Travelling in Kyrgyzstan rent a car and it is possible to notice that still there are those people who are shamans even at present time. In the 19th century it was also possible to notice such people though there already started the time of the adoption of Islam.
Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800). Kyrgyz consolidation is the period of 1400-1800 and is known as the time of migration of the Kyrgyz people. In the course of their travelling along the globe to the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan we can see the absence of statehood. Out of it we can suppose that Kyrgyz people were struggling to create a state which seems to be only one for all the people. But this idea failed and in the result we have the system of tribes with the center for them all.
Russian Colonization (1770-1917). Making a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can notice that the time of 1770-1917 is known as the Russian Colonization. As we know the Kyrgyz people suffered from threats of own tribes along with the outer ones: China, Kokand and Kazakhs. Due to this the north of the country asked the Russian Empire to take them under their powers and protect from all the threats. The south of the country was against the annexation and that is why was taken by forth. The result of being under the Russian Empire turned out to be the developing for the agricultural and economy sides.
Soviet Rule (1917-1991). The time of 1917-1991 is known as the Soviet Rule. During your tours in Kyrgyzstan it is possible to get to know the main reason and essence of this period. In 1917 the Bolsheviks came and destroyed the developed culture of the Russian Empire. They promised the absence of exploitation and really we see the development of education, cinema and painting, science. In the course of a tour you will be given notions about various facts when it was not allowed to believe in something which caused murders of innocents.
Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). Now you travel in Kyrgyzstan which is independent since 1991. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can notice the attributes which identify the independent state - flag, emblem and anthem. In 1992 the country started to be the member of the UN. In 1993 the Constitution was taken. And of course we consider we must inform you that the country suffered from economic crises in 2005 and 2010. These are the periods when the local people tried to make presidents to leave their posts. And they managed to do that. Now the political situation is calm and it is possible to travel in Kyrgyzstan without any complications.