Due to its topography the country is very much split into the northern and t southern part. In the north of the country, there are big valleys like the Chui-valley (where the capital Bishkek is situated), and the Talas-valley, as well as the lake Issyk-Kul The Kyrgyz also call the lake "Blue Pearl of the Tien-Shan" or "Sea of the Kyrgyz".
The name "Tien-Shan Mountains" from Chinese translates "Celestial Mountains ". Its proves with two highest peaks that located here: The Peak Pobedy (Peak Victory) with an altitude of 7439 m and the Khan-Tengri with 6995 m above sea level. Peak Pobedy is the most northern situated 7000m-high mountain in the world. Usually people start to explore this area, from the town of Karakol at the eastern end of lake Issyk-Kul. They also explore one of the world's biggest glaciers Enylchek and the mysterious Lake Merzbacher, that disappears once a year, but then refills completely. Because of that, many years scientists and explorers were questioning whether it is exist at all - some of them mentioned it on their maps and in their descriptions, some did not - depending on the time of the year and the level of water.
The Tien-Shan mountain range is a very rich area and offers diverse kind of mountainous landscapes, starting with green and fertile high-altitude pastures and lower situated valleys with woods to the sandy and rocky mountains and valleys and rocky snow-covered high-altitude mountain regions. There are the very famous mountain lakes: the biggest in country lake Issyk-Kul, which is used mainly for beach-holidays, and amazingly beautiful surroundings of lake Son-Kul at an altitude of about 3000m, and lake Sary-Chelek at about 1900 m above sea level (see also List of main touristic places / Son-Kul ; Sary-Chelek)
The beautiful mountain range attracts many fans of wild nature because of its fauna: the Marco-Polo sheep and the snow leopard live in the area, and very common birds are eagles, falcons and vulture, while you could also at an altitude of 3000m watch seagulls and find rare species everywhere around the country.
In the south-west, the Tien-Shan mountains are divided into two parts and embed in their middle the Ferghana-valley. This lowland is situated for its biggest part in Uzbekistan , but the east borders also reach into Kyrgyz territory. It is famous mainly for its fertility and rich, juicy and fresh choice of fruits and vegetables. In this part of Kyrgyzstan naturally, population is quite dense, and also the second-biggest town of the country is situated here: Osh , with about 300.000 inhabitants.
The southern part of the country is dominated by the Pamir mountain range, which establishes the borders of Kyrgyzstan with Tadjikistan and China. There is another high, famous peak: Peak Lenin (7134m), which is popular among climber from all over the world, because its technically not too demanding ascent.
All in all, a very diverse, mostly mountainous landscape, that offers something special for every taste!